About Us

Initiative Team

Michael Bell

Michael Bell, Co-Director

Michael Bell was Co-Director of the Jerusalem Old City Initiative and served as the Paul Martin Senior Scholar on International Diplomacy at the University of Windsor from 2005 to 2013. He was an Adjunct Professor at the University of Windsor and Senior Fellow at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University. He was awarded an honorary doctorate of laws from the University of Windsor for his professional accomplishments. He served in the Middle East for many years, first as Canada's Ambassador to Jordan (1987-1990), then to Egypt (1994-1998), and Israel (1990-1992,1999-2003). He was also the Executive Assistant for Middle East Affairs to the Honourable Robert Stanfield (1978-1979), Director of the Middle East Relations Division (1983-1987), Director General for Central and Eastern Europe (1992-1994), and Fellow at the Weatherhead Centre for International Affairs at Harvard University (1998-1999). Former Ambassador Bell was also appointed as Chair of the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq (IRFFI) Donor Committee (2005), and the Senior Scholar of Diplomacy at the Munk Centre for International Studies at the University of Toronto (2003-2005). His comments on Middle East affairs were often sought out by the press, and he was a regular contributor to the Globe and Mail. Michael Bell passed away on August 24th, 2017 at the age of 73. His contributions to JOCI have been vital and his work will forever be noted.

Michael J. Molloy

Michael J. Molloy, Co-Director

Michael J. Molloy is Co-Director of the Jerusalem Old City Initiative, Adjunct Professor at the University of Ottawa's Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, President of Canadian Immigration Historical Society, and an expert on global refugee affairs. He was a senior official in Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada and Global Affairs (formerly DFAIT), the Canadian Ambassador to Jordan (1996-2000), and the Canadian Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process at Global Affairs (2000-2003). A founding member of the Multilateral Refugee Working Group (the Middle East Peace Process), he has worked on the Palestinian refugee issue since the early 1990s and acted as a Senior Advisor for the Canadian delegation to the Multilateral Refugee Working Group. Molloy was also a member of the Canadian team sent to select Ugandan Asian expellees in 1972, oversaw implementation of the refugee provisions of the 1976 Canadian Immigration Act, and coordinated the movement of 60,000 Indochinese refugees to Canada in 1979-1980. A career foreign services officers, he served in Japan, Lebanon, the USA, Geneva, Jordan (twice), Syria, and Kenya. His latest publication is Running on Empty: Canada and Indochinese Refugees, 1975-1980 (McGill-Queen's University Press, 2017).

John Bell

John Bell, Co-Director

John Bell is Co-Director of the Jerusalem Old City Initiative, Director of the Middle East and Mediterranean Programme at the Toledo International Centre for Peace (Spain), and former Middle East Director with Search for Common Ground, Jerusalem. He was a Canadian and United Nations diplomat, serving as Political Officer at the Canadian Embassy in Cairo (1993-1996), member of Canada's delegation to the Refugee Working Group in the Peace Process (1992-1993), Political Advisor to the Personal Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for Southern Lebanon (2000-2001), Advisor to the Canadian Government during the Iraq crisis (2002-2003), and Consultant to the International Crisis Group on Jerusalem. Bell was also a spokesperson for the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs, and Communications Coordinator for the Signing Conference for the International Treaty to Ban Landmines (1997). He is often asked to comment about the Middle East and has written numerous pieces for magazines and newspapers worldwide.

Tom Pierre Najem

Tom Pierre Najem, Project Manager

Tom Najem is Project Manager of the Jerusalem Old City Initiative and Professor of Political Science at the University of Windsor. He is a specialist in the field of international relations and comparative politics of the developing world, with a specialization in the Middle East and North Africa. From 2002 to 2012, Najem served as Department Head of Political Science at the University of Windsor. He has also lived and worked in the Middle East and North Africa and held previous academic appointments in Morocco and at the University of Durham, UK. His latest publications include Syria, Press Framing, and the Responsibility to Protect, (Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2017), Africa's Most Deadly Conflict: Media Coverage of the Humanitarian Disaster in the Congo and the United Nation's Response, 1997-2008 (Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2012), and Lebanon: The Politics of a Penetrated Society (Routledge, 2011). 

 Arthur Hughes

Arthur Hughes, Washington Coordinator

Arthur Hughes is a senior advisor and the Washington Coordinator for the Jerusalem Old City Initiative, a Scholar at the Middle East Institute's Public Policy Centre in Washington, D.C., and board member of the Foundation for Middle East Peace. He has over forty years' experience in peacekeeping, diplomacy and the military, and was a career American Foreign Service Officer from 1965 to 1997. He served as the Director-General of the Egypt-Israel Multinational Force and Observers from 1998 – 2004. Other previous positions include former U.S. Ambassador to Yemen, Deputy Assistant to the Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Near East and South Asia. He has been instrumental in assisting and advising the Jerusalem Old City Initiative.