Dr. David Andrews


Email: dandrews@uwindsor.ca
Phone: (519) 253-3000 ext: 2433
Office: H.K. Building, Room 106

Biomechanics, Human Factors & Ergonomics

B.P.E. (McMaster University, 1989)
M.Sc. (McMaster University, 1992)
Ph.D. (University of Waterloo, 1996)


The overarching objective of Dr. Andrews’ main body of research in biomechanics and ergonomics is to prevent injuries.  He does this through designing and testing various methods for estimating peak and cumulative loads on the body during industrial work, and non-work activities, and by quantifying and modeling the musculoskeletal response of the body to impacts, such as those experienced through the upper and lower extremities during running and landing from a fall, respectively, or to the head during sports, such as football. Dr. Andrews has various research interests related to teaching and learning, including peer observation of teaching, educational leadership, development of teaching practices, student engagement in large classes, and assessment and evaluation in higher education. He utilizes his experience in these research areas within his classes to provide the best possible learning experience for students in Functional Anatomy, Human Factors and Performance, and Biomechanics in the Workplace. He works extensively with both undergraduate and graduate students in all of his research efforts to provide opportunities for skill development and career preparation in various disciplines.  With respect to leadership roles, Dr. Andrews is a 3M National Teaching Fellow, Past President of the Canadian Society for Biomechanics (CSB), the former Research Leadership Chair and Teaching Leadership Chair for the Faculty of Human Kinetics, and former Head of the Department of Kinesiology.  He is a member of several national and international societies in biomechanics, ergonomics, and teaching and learning, and he serves on the editorial boards for two scientific journals. 

Areas of Research Interest 

Biomechanics and Ergonomics
  • Musculoskeletal response to and modelling of upper and lower extremity impacts
  • Predicting segment tissue masses in living people
  • Head impacts in youth football
  • Quantifying peak and cumulative loads during work and non-work activities
  • Development and evaluation of biomechanical methods for physical demands assessment
  • Patient handling practices in nurses
Scholarship of Teaching and Learning
  • Peer observation of teaching
  • Educational leadership
  • Midcareer faculty experience
  • Development of teaching practices
  • Student engagement in large classes
  • Assessment and evaluation in higher education

Recent Sources of Funding

  1. Leggett & Platt Automotive (2019)
  2. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) (2012-2017)
  3. University of Windsor Golden Jubilee Research Excellence Award (2017-2019)
  4. University of Windsor Teaching Leadership Chair (2014-2018)
  5. University of Windsor Centred on Learning Innovation Fund (2016-2017)
  6. Mitacs Accelerate Ontario (2017)

Scholarly Articles

  1. Raffoul, J., B. Hamilton, and D.M. Andrews (in press, March, 2020). Narratives of embodied practice: Using portraiture to study leadership. In: Critical reflections on research in teaching and learning.  (Eds: N. Fenton and W. Ross).  Brill ǀ Sense Publishers, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

  2. Bornais, J.A.K., D.M. Andrews, A. Cassidy, W.A. Wright, and M.-J. Monette (2019, June).  Reflections on experiential learning in an outdoor environment:  Impacts on facilitators. Collected Essays on Learning and Teaching (CELT),12: 107-118

  3. Rodrigues, M.S., M. Sonne, D.M. Andrews, L.F. Tomazini, T.O. Sato, and T.C. Chaves.  (2019, February). Rapid Office Strain Assessment (ROSA): Cross cultural validity, reliability and structural validity of the Brazilian-Portuguese version.  Journal of Applied Ergonomics, 75: 143-154.

  4. Goodwin, A., L. Chittle, J.C. Dixon, and D.M. Andrews (2018, July). Taking stock and effecting change: Curriculum evaluation through a review of course syllabi.  Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 43(6): 855-866.

  5. Gyemi, D.L., D. Clarke, P.M. van Wyk, W.J. Altenhof, and D.M. Andrews (2018, July).  Quantifying forearm soft tissue motion from massless skin markers following forward fall hand impacts.  International Journal of Kinesiology & Sports Science, 6(3): 1-11.

  6. Burkhart, T.A., E. Brydges, J. Stefanczyk, and D.M. Andrews (2017, January). The effect of asymmetrical body orientation during simulated forward falls on the distal upper extremity impact response of healthy people. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 33: 48-56.

  7. George, N.C., C. Kahelin, T.A. Burkhart, and D.M. Andrews (2017, October). Reliability of head, neck and trunk anthropometric measurements used for predicting segment tissue masses in living humans. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 33(5): 373-378.

  8. Gyemi, D.L., C. Kahelin, N.C. George, and D.M. Andrews (2017, October).  Head, neck, trunk and pelvis soft and rigid tissue mass predictions for young adults using anthropometric measures and Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry.  Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 33(5): 366-372.

  9. Jackson, K.M., T.A.C. Beach, and D.M. Andrews (2017, October).  Effect of an isometric hip muscle strength training protocol on valgus angle during a drop vertical jump in competitive female volleyball players. International Journal of Kinesiology & Sports Science, 5(4): 1-9.

  10. Andrews, D.M., J.A.K. Bornais, and K. Cramer (2016).  Mapping the past, present, and future of Teaching Leadership Chairs in Canada: A report.  Collected Essays on Learning and Teaching (CELT), 9: 237-241.

  11. Gyemi, D., P.M. van Wyk, M. Statham, J. Casey, and D.M. Andrews (2016). 3D peak and cumulative low back and shoulder loads and postures during greenhouse pepper harvesting using a video-based approach. WORK, 55: 817–829. 

  12. Brydges, E.A., T.A. Burkhart, W.J. Altenhof, and D.M. Andrews (2015, August).  Leg soft tissue position and velocity from skin markers can be obtained with good to acceptable reliability following heel impacts. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(15): 1606-1613.

  13. van Wyk, P.M., P.L. Weir, and D.M. Andrews (2015).  Manual patient transfers used most often by student and staff nurses are consistent with their perceptions of transfer training, and performance confidence.  WORK, 50(2): 249-260.

  14. Azar, N.R., T. Iley, C.A. Godin, J.P. Callaghan, and D.M. Andrews (2014). Three-dimensional peak and cumulative shoulder loads and postures during non-occupational tasks: A preliminary investigation. WORK, 47(1): 72-86.

  15. Burkhart, T.A., R.A. Bertram, A. Schinkel-Ivy, and D.M. Andrews (2014).  Assessing the feasibility of pedometers for quantifying the volume of impacts during varsity athletic practices.  International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science, 2(1):7-12. 

  16. Burkhart, T.A., C.E. Quenneville, C.E. Dunning, and D.M. Andrews (2014).  Development and validation of a distal radius finite element model to simulate impact loading indicative of a forward fall.  Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 228(3):258-271.

  17. Schinkel-Ivy, A., T.A. Burkhart, and D.M. Andrews (2014).  Differences in distal lower extremity tissue masses and mass ratios exist in athletes of sports involving repetitive impacts.  Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(6):533-541. 

  18. Schinkel-Ivy, A., W.J. Altenhof, and D.M. Andrews (2014). Validation of a full body finite element model (THUMS) for running-type impacts to the lower extremity.  Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 17(2):137-148.

  19. Burkhart, T.A., D.M. Andrews and C.E. Dunning (2013).  Multivariate injury risk criteria and injury probability scores for fractures to the distal radius.  Journal of Biomechanics, 46(5): 973-978.

  20. Burkhart, T.A., A. Schinkel-Ivy, and D.M. Andrews (2013).  Tissue mass ratios and the reporting of distal lower extremity injuries in varsity athletes at a Canadian University. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(6): 684-687.

  21. Burkhart, T.A., and D.M. Andrews (2013).  Kinematics, kinetics and muscle activation patterns of the upper extremity during simulated forward falls.  Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 23(3):688-695.

  22. Burkhart, T.A., D.M. Andrews and C.E. Dunning (2013).  Finite element modeling mesh quality, energy balance and validation methods: A review with recommendations associated with the modeling of bone tissue. Journal of Biomechanics, 46(9):1477-1488.

  23. Stefanczyk, J.M., E.A. Brydges, T.A. Burkhart, W.J. Altenhof, and D.M. Andrews (2013). Surface accelerometer fixation method affects leg soft tissue motion following heel impacts.  International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science, 1(3):1-8. 

  24. Andrews, D.M., K.M. Fiedler, P.L. Weir, and J.P. Callaghan (2012).  The effect of posture category salience on decision times and errors when using observation-based posture assessment methods. Ergonomics, 55(12):1548-1558.

  25. Burkhart, T.A., C.E. Dunning, and D.M. Andrews (2012a).  Predicting distal radius bone strains and injury in response to impulsive impacts using multi-axial accelerometers.  Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 134(10): 101007-1-101007-7.

  26. Burkhart, T.A., C.E. Dunning, and D.M. Andrews (2012b).  Failure characteristics of the isolated distal radius in response to dynamic impact loading.  Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 30(6): 885-892.

  27. Burkhart, T.A., D. Clarke, and D.M. Andrews (2012).  Reliability of impact forces, hip angles and velocities during simulated forward falls using a novel Propelled Upper Limb fall ARrest Impact System (PULARIS).  Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 134(1): 011001-1-011001-8.

  28. Fiedler, K.M., P.L. Weir, P.M. van Wyk, and D.M. Andrews (2012).  Analyzing what nurses do during work in a hospital setting: A feasibility study using video.  WORK, 43(4):515-523.

  29. Schinkel-Ivy, A., T.A. Burkhart, and D.M. Andrews (2012).  Leg tissue mass composition affects tibial acceleration response following impact.  Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28(1): 29-40.

  30. Sonne, M., D.L. Villalta, and D.M. Andrews (2012).  Development and evaluation of an office ergonomic risk checklist: ROSA - Rapid Office Strain Assessment.  Applied Ergonomics, 43(1): 98-108.

  31. Sonne, M., and D.M. Andrews (2012).  The Rapid Office Strain Assessment (ROSA): Validity of online worker self-assessments and the relationship to worker discomfort.  Occupational Ergonomics, 10(3): 83-101.