Richard Moon, Professor of Law


Richard Moon teaches a variety of public law courses. His research focuses on freedom of expression and freedom of conscience and religion. He is the author of The Constitutional Protection of Freedom of Expression (U of T Press, 2000) and Freedom of Conscience and Religion (Irwin Law, 2014), editor of Law and Religious Pluralism in Canada (UBC Press, 2008), co-editor of Religion and the Exercise of Public Authority (Hart/Bloomsbury, 2016) and contributing editor to Canadian Constitutional Law (3rd, 4th, and 5th editions) (Emond-Montgomery, 2006, 2010. 2016). He wrote an influential report for the Canadian Human Rights Commisssion in 2008 - "The Regulation of Hate Speech on the Internet". He has recently completed  work on a book entitled "Putting Faith in Hate: When religion is the subject or source of hate speech". He has been the recipient of both the law school and university-wide teaching awards as well as the Mary Lou Dietz Award for contributions to the advancement of equity in the university and community. He has held a number of academic positions including President of the Canadian Law and Society Assn. 

His recent publications can be found at his SSRN author's page:

Recent Publications

  • "The Regulation of Blasphemy and Religious Insult in Canada” in Andras Koltay and Jeroen Temperman eds., Blasphemy and Freedom of Expression after the Charlie Hebdo Massacre (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming, 2017).

  • “Limits on Rights: The Marginal Role of Proportionality Analysis”, Israel Law Review (forthcoming, 2017).

  • “The Requirement of Religious Neutrality: Civic Action and Institutional Autonomy” in B. Bussey and I. Benson, The Public and Private Place of Religion (Brill, forthcoming 2017).

  • Religion and the Exercise of Public Authority (Hart/Bloomsbury, 2016) (co-edited with Benjamin Berger).

  • "Conscientious Objections by Civil Servants:  The Case of Marriage Commissioners and Same Sex Civil Marriages" in B. Berger and R. Moon (eds), Religion and the Exercise of Public Authority (Har/Bloomsburyt, 2016).

  • "Neutrality and Payers: Mouvement laique v. Saguenay", 4  Oxford Journal of Law and Religion (2015).

  • "The Accreditation of Trinity Western University's Law School", Law Matters, Summer 2015 (

  • "The Limits of Religious Equality in Canada" in Alvin Carling ed., The Social Equality of Religion or Belief (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).

  • Freedom of Conscience and Religion (Irwin Law, 2014).  (Preface Available) 

  • “Religious Accommodation and Its Limits:  The York University Case”, 23 Constitutional Forum (2014).

  •  “Law and Religion in Canada” in Gerhard Robbers and Cole Durham eds.,  Encyclopedia of Law and Religion (co-authored with Heather MacIvor) (Brill, 2014). 

Recent Invited Presentations

  • “Should the TWU law program be accredited?”,  Debate sponsored by the Runnymede Society, Windsor, November 2016.

  • “Should Catholic hospitals be exempted from providing assistance in dying?”, Conference on Medical Assistance in Dying, Ottawa, Oct 2016.

  • “The state of hate speech regulation in Canada”, Annual Conference, Canadian Race Relations Foundation, Toronto, October, 2016.

  • “Should civil marriage commissioners be exempted from performing same-sex marriages?” Centre for Ethics, University of Toronto, Sept. 2016

  • Religion and the Rule of Law: Summer Certificate Program”, Centre for Constitutional and Administrative Law, Peking University, Beijing, China, July 2016 (Member of international teaching team).

  • “The Accreditation of TWU’s Law Program”, Roundtable on Religion and Education, Political Science and Law, McGill University, January 2016.

  • “Religion and Hate Speech”, Public Lecture sponsored by PEN Canada and the Ryerson Centre for Freedom of Expression, November 2015.

  • “Putting Faith in Hate”, City College, University of London, November 2015.

  • “The Myth of Balancing”, Constitutional Law Seminar Series, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, October 2015.

  • "The regulation of hate speech in Canada", Human Rights Forum, GlobalFest, Calgary Public Library, August 2015.

  • "State neutrality and Religious Prayers",  Oxford Journal of Legal Studies Conference, Oxford, June 2015.

  • "The Autonomy of Religious Institutions", Canadian Council of Christian Charities Roundtable, Toronto, June 2015.

  • "Free Speech and Charlie Hebdo", Panel, Noor Cultural Centre, Toronto, April 2015.

  • "Can We Accommodate Religious Objections to Same Sex Marriage?", Public Lecture, St. Jerome's University, Waterloo, March 2015. 


In the News

Ope-ed, “First Nations Smudging Ceremony does not Infringe Religious Freedom”, Vancouver Sun, 2016/11/26

Quoted in Toronto Star article discussin the BC Court of Appeal decision re Trinity Western University's law program

Quoted in National Post article discussing the regulation of offesnive costumes by universities

Quoted in Globe and Mail article discussing public funded Catholic hospitals and physician assisted death

Op-ed at J-Source on hate speech

Quoted in the National Post article discussing Trump and hate speech, December 9, 2015

Quoted  in iPolitics article on Senate proposal to loosen libel laws,  July 13, 2015

Quoted in Toronto Star article discussing hate speech law, May 2015,

Quoted in iPolitics article discussing hate speech law and advocacy of a boycott of Israel, May 2015,

Panel on CTV Alberta discussing religious accommodation in schools, May 2015

Quoted in National Post article on human rights code complaint regarding religious accommodation, April 2015,

Quoted in  Mouvement laïque québécois v. Saguenay (City), 2015 SCC 16

Op-ed on religious exceptions to anti-discrimination laws,April 2015,

Quoted in Gobal News on-line article discussing religious exemptions from anti-discrimination laws, April 2015,

Quoted in Loyola High School v. Quebec (Attorney General), 2015 SCC 12

Op-ed on niqab ban at citizenship ceremony, March 2015,

Quoted in L'Actualite article discussing religion and hate speech, Feb 2015,

Cited in Mounted Police Association of Ontario v. Canada (Attorney General), 2015 SCC 1

Panel Guest, "Charlie Hebdo" CBC Radio Maritime Noon, Feb 2015,