The University of Windsor has moved to an “essential service only” model. Learn More.

Richard Moon, Professor of Law


Richard Moon is Distinguished University Professor and Professor of Law at the University of Windsor. His research focuses on freedom of expression and freedom of conscience and religion. He is the author of Putting Faith in Hate: When Religion is the Source or Target of Hate Speech (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2018), Freedom of Conscience and Religion (Irwin Law, 2014), The Constitutional Protection of Freedom of Expression (U of T Press, 2000), and Report to the Canadian Human Rights Commission Concerning Section 13 of the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Regulation of Hate Speech on the Internet (CHRC, 2008), editor of Law and Religious Pluralism in Canada (UBC Press, 2008), co-editor of Religion and the Exercise of Public Authority (Hart/Bloomsbury, 2016) and contributing editor to Canadian Constitutional Law (3rd, 4th, and 5th editions) (Emond-Montgomery, 2006, 2010, 2016). He has been the recipient of both the law school and university-wide teaching awards as well as the Mary Lou Dietz Award for contributions to the advancement of equity in the university and community. He has held a number of academic positions including President of the Canadian Law and Society Assn. 

His recent publications can be found at his SSRN author's page:

Recent Publications

  • “The Conscientious Objection of Medical Practitioners to the CPSO’s Effective Referral Requirement” Constitutional Forum (forthcoming, 2020).

  • “Conscientious Objection and the Politics of Cake-Baking”  Oxford J. of Law and Religion (special volume edited by John Adenitire, forthcoming 2020). 

  • "Pierre Trudeau and the Separation of Law and Religion" in N. Karazivan and J. Leclair, The Legacy of Pierre Trudeau (Lexis/Nexis, forthcoming)

  • "Does Freedom of Expression have a Future?" in E. Macfarlane ed., Freedom of Expression in Canada (U of T Press, forthcoming).

  • "Trinity Western Univ. v. LSBC: Complicated Answers to a Simple Question"  94 Supreme Court Law Review 335 (2019).

  • “Free Speech Controversies on Campus", Academic Matters (Fall, 2018)

  • “The Demise of Free Speech”,  28 Constitutional Forum 1 (2019)

  • Dolphin Delivery and the Court’s Loss of Confidence”, 39 National Journal of Constitutional Law 123 (2019).

  • “Conscience in the Image of Religion” in John Adenitire (ed.), Religious Beliefs and Conscientious Exemptions in a Liberal State (Hart/Bloomsbury, 2019).

  • "Conscientious Objection, Pragmatic Accommodation, and Principled Adjudication", Oxford Journal of Law and Religion (2018) -

  • “What happens when the assumptions underlying our commitment to free speech no longer hold?” in Marie-Claude Najm Kobeh (ed.), La liberté d’expression et ses juges (Centre d'études des droits du monde arabe, 2018).

  • Putting Faith in Hate: When Religion is the Source or Target of Hate Speech, (Cambridge University Press, 2018).

  • "The Regulation of Blasphemy and Religious Insult in Canada” in Andras Koltay and Jeroen Temperman eds., Blasphemy and Freedom of Expression after the Charlie Hebdo Massacre (Cambridge University Press, 2017).

  • “Limits on Rights: The Marginal Role of Proportionality Analysis”, 50 Israel Law Review 1 (2017).

  • “The Requirement of Religious Neutrality: Civic Action and Institutional Autonomy” in B. Bussey and I. Benson, The Public and Private Place of Religion (Lexis-Nexus, 2017).

Recent Invited Presentations

  • “The Invented Crisis: Universities and the Demise of Free Speech”, Keynote Address, Annual Conference, Committee of Heads of University Law Schools (UK), University of Warwick, February 2020. 

  • “Freedom of Religion”, Panel, Huron College, London ON, February, 2020. 

  • “Are Limits on Religious Expression Becoming a Trend in Canada”, Panel, Assumption University, Windsor, February 2020.

  • "Modern outlines of free speech and hate speech" Panel, Annual Diversity Conference, RODA and OBA, Toronto, December 2019.

  • “Pierre Trudeau and the Separation of Civic and Spiritual Life”, The Legacy of Pierre Trudeau, University of Montreal, November 2019.

  • “Does Freedom of Expression Have a Future?”, Freedom of Expression in Canada, University of Waterloo, October 2019.

  • "Municipal Powers in Defining the Limits of Free Speech in Public Spaces", Panel, Ontario Bar Assn., Toronto, May 2019.

  • "Conscientious Objection and the Politics of Cake Baking", Rountable, University of Birmingham, April 2019.

  • "TWU v. LSBC: Complicated Answers to a Simple Question", Osgoode Hall Annual Constitutional Law Cases Conference, April 2019.

  • "Masterpiece Bakery and Conscientious Objection", Seminar, Wayne State University, Detroit, February, 2019. 

  • "Campus Speech", Harry Crowe Foundation Conference - CAUT, Toronto, February, 2019.

  • “Hate in the Human Rights Context”, Canadian Human Rights Commission Consultation, Ottawa, November 2018.

  • “Free speech on Campus”,  FBS (Faculty Bargaining Services) Summit: Current Leadership Challenges in Higher Education, Montreal, October 2018. 

  • "Author Meets Critics: Panel on Putting Faith in Hate", Centre for Ethics, University of Toronto, March 2018 - Comments and Reponses:"Religious Accommodation and Conscientious Objection", Seminar, University of Leicester, Feb. 2018.

  • "In the Absence of s. 13 Where Do We Go Now", Panel, CIJA Conference: Combating Hate and Anti-Semitism", Toronto, Feb. 2018.

  • "The Ktuxana Decision and the Limits of Religious Freedom", Seminar, Centre for Ethics, University of Toronto, Feb. 2018.

  • "Public Forum on Free Speech and Academic Freedom on Campus", Speaker and Moderator, UBC, Jan. 2018.

In the News

Quoted in National Post story about on-line counterspeech, Jan. 4, 2020,

Quoted in St John's Chronicle Telegraph story about letters to the editor and the firing of Don Cherry, Nov. 16, 2019

Interviewed on CBC Alberta about threatening lawn signs, Oct. 4, 2019

Quoted in Canadian Press story, published in the Globe & Mail, National Post, and other papers, about a nurse who was disciplined by her professional association for criticizing other health care professionals on facebook, Sept. 16, 2018,

Quoted in Le Devoir story about the removal of a Liberal candidate becuse of posts alleged to be anti-Semitic, Sept. 5, 2019,

Quoted in Halifax Chronicle Herald story about anti-immigation billboard, Sept. 2, 2019,

Quoted in National Post story about human rights code complaint concerning waxing services, Aug. 6 2019, 

Quoted in Edmonton Star story about whether the anti-abortion film "Unplanned" amounts to hate speech,  July 12, 2019,

Quoted in Maclean's story about a restaurant chain's  offer of free meals to Cdn. citizens on Canada Day, July 1, 2019,

Quoted in Law Times story about possible changes by federal government to current hate speech laws, May 21, 2019,

Interviewed for City TV news story on defamation action based on Islamophobic claims, May 13, 2019,

Quoted in CBC on-line story about the display of a Nazi flag in Saskatchewan, May 13, 2019,

Guest on CBC Radio Alberta Noon Call-in Show about free speech on university campuses, May 7, 2019,

Quoted in Calgary Star article about Alberta government's plan to require universities to create free speech policies, May 7, 2019,

Quoted in Globe and Mail about the sentencing hearing of the editor and publisher of Your Ward News, April 26, 2019,

Quoted in CBC (London) story about charges brought against two "preachers" harrasing individuals on the street and disrupting religious services, April 15, 2019:

Interviewed on CTV Newsnet about the Quebec law banning some civil servants from wearing religious symbols, March 28, 2019:

Quoted as expert witness in Senate Ethics Commisioner's report on the complaint against Senator Beyak:

Op-ed in Policy Options, "A Turning Point for Misogynist and Islamophobic Speech?", Feb. 19, 2019,

Comment in The Immanent Frame, "Religion and Hate Speech", Jan. 18, 2019,

Interviewed on CBC Toronto 6:00 Television News about Your Ward News hate speech conviction, Jan 24, 2019, 

Interviewed on CBC Radio Windsor about university free speech policies, Jan. 15, 2019,

Comment in the Toronto Star, Nov. 13, 2018 on why we should not give racists a platform to speak,

Quoted on Global News on-line about hate speech and the Pittsburgh shooting, Nov. 3, 2018

Comment in the The Conversation on the Crucifix in the Quebec legislature,, republished in the Hamilton Spectator, National Post, K-W Record, Penticton Herald and other papers.

Op-ed on the CBC website about the use of s.33 (the notwithstanding clause) of the Charter,

Comment in The Conversation, "How not to defend free speech" -  republ... in the Winnipeg Free Press, The National Post, the Hamilton Spectator and other papers. 

Quoted in CTV website story about the Ontario court ruling that changes to City of Toronto muncipal election districts breached s. 2(b) of the Charter,

Interviewed on City tv News about s.33 (the notwithstanding clause) of the Charter,

Quoted in Lawyer's Daily about the the decision of TWU to end use of covenent, Aug. 17, 2018,

Quoted in the National Post about the decision of TWU to end use of covenant, Aug 15, 2018,

Quoted in Gazeta do Povo (Brazil) about the decision of Facebook and other platforms to remove objectionable content,  Aug. 10, 2018,

Quoted in the Toronto Star story about the regulation of content on an art installation at TTC subway station, July 6, 2018,

Quoted in Religion News Service (US) story about the Trinity Western decision, June 22, 2018,

Quoted in the National Post, What does Trinity Western's Supreme Court loss mean for the summer jobs attestation? June 18, 2018,

Quoted in the Globe & Mail about the Supreme Court of Canada's decision in the TWU law school accreditation cases, June 17, 2018

Quoted by the Supreme Court of Canada in Highwood Congregation of Jehovah’s Witnesses (Judicial Committee) v. Wall, 2018 SCC 26.

Op-ed on the CBC website about separate school funding in Ontario, May 28, 2018,

Quoted in the National Post about the City of Hamilton's ban on the display of the anarchist symbol, May 25, 2018


Blog Posts

“Revisiting the Maclean’s Human Rights Code Complaint”  -’s-human-rights-code-complaint

“Are there limits to the criticism or ridicule of religion” -

"More on compelled speech: compulsory union dues" -

"State compelled expression: two recent cases" -

"Free speech on campus" -

"Two sides in the debate: racist demonstrations" -

"Can an attack on belief amount to hate speech?" -

"BDS advocacy, antisemitism and free speech" -

"Donald Trump and public discourse" -

"The demise of freedom expression" -

File Attachments: