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Richard Moon, Professor of Law

Richard Moon is Distinguished University Professor and Professor of Law at the University of Windsor. His research focuses on freedom of expression and freedom of conscience and religion. He is the author of Putting Faith in Hate: When Religion is the Source or Target of Hate Speech (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2018), Freedom of Conscience and Religion (Irwin Law, 2014), The Constitutional Protection of Freedom of Expression (U of T Press, 2000), and Report to the Canadian Human Rights Commission Concerning Section 13 of the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Regulation of Hate Speech on the Internet (CHRC, 2008), editor of Law and Religious Pluralism in Canada (UBC Press, 2008), co-editor of Religion and the Exercise of Public Authority (Hart/Bloomsbury, 2016) and contributing editor to Canadian Constitutional Law (3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th editions) (Emond-Montgomery, 2006, 2010, 2016, 2022). He has been the recipient of both the law school and university-wide teaching awards as well as the Mary Lou Dietz Award for contributions to the advancement of equity in the university and community. He has held a number of academic positions including President of the Canadian Law and Society Assn. He is currently editor-in-chief of the Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice. 

Many of his publications can be found at his SSRN author's page:

Recent Publications

  • "R v Big M Drug Mart and the Importance of Religion" in R. Barker, P. Babie, and N, Foster (eds), Law and Religion Landmark Cases (Hart/Bloomsbury, forthcoming 2021).

  • "Comment on Fraser v. Canada (AG):  The More Things Change", Constitutional Forum (forthcoming March, 2021).

  • "The Protocols of the Elder Trudeau: A Canadian Conspiracy Theory",  Literary Review of  Canada (Sept. 2020).

  • Indigenous Spirituality and Religious Freedom (UTP, forthcoming 2022) (co-edited with Beverly Jacobs and Jeffery Hewitt)

  • "Ktunaxa v. BC and the Shape of Religious Freedom" in B. Jacobs, J. Hewitt, and R. Moon, eds., Indigenous Spirituality and Religious Freedom (UTP, forthcoming 2022)

  • “The Conscientious Objection of Medical Practitioners to the CPSO’s Effective Referral Requirement”, 29(1) Constitutional Forum (May 2020).

  • “Conscientious Objection and the Politics of Cake-Baking”,  9 Oxford J. of Law and Religion (2020).   

  • "Pierre Trudeau and the Separation of Law and Religion" in N. Karazivan and J. Leclair, The Legacy of Pierre Trudeau (Lexis/Nexis, 2020)

  • "Does Freedom of Expression have a Future?" in E. Macfarlane ed., Dilemmas of Free Expression (U of T Press, forthcoming 2021).

  • "Trinity Western Univ. v. LSBC: Complicated Answers to a Simple Question"  94 Supreme Court Law Review 335 (2019).

  • “Free Speech Controversies on Campus", Academic Matters (Fall, 2018)

  • “The Demise of Free Speech”,  28 Constitutional Forum 1 (2019)

  • Dolphin Delivery and the Court’s Loss of Confidence”, 39 National Journal of Constitutional Law 123 (2019).

  • “Conscience in the Image of Religion” in John Adenitire (ed.), Religious Beliefs and Conscientious Exemptions in a Liberal State (Hart/Bloomsbury, 2019).


Recent Invited Presentations

  • “Can Tougher Hate Speech Laws Stem the Tide of Hate: Examing Bill C-36”, Panelist, Centre for Freedom of Expression, Ryerson University, September 2021.

  • “National Forum Supporting Legislation to Combat Online Hate”, sponsored by , the Canadian Race Relations Foundation, The Chinese Canadian National Council for Social Justice, and the MOSAIC Institute, July 2021

  • "Ag-Gag Laws", Panelist, Centre for Freedom of Expression, Ryerson University, March 2021.

  • "Freedom of Expression on Campus", Panelist, University of Alberta, Nov. 2020. 

  • "Why Can't I Say What I Want?: Free Speech and its Limits", Interview (via Zoom) by Dr. Amyn Sajoo, Simon Fraser University (Continuing Studies and Liberal Arts), Sept. 2020. 

  • "Canadian Commission on Democratic Expression", participant in consultation, Sept. 2020.

  • “The Invented Crisis: Universities and the Demise of Free Speech”, Keynote Address, Annual Conference, Committee of Heads of University Law Schools (UK), University of Warwick, February 2020. 

  • “Freedom of Religion”, Panel, Huron College, London ON, February, 2020. 

  • “Are Limits on Religious Expression Becoming a Trend in Canada”, Panel, Assumption University, Windsor, February 2020.


In the News

Cited in Ward v. Quebec, 2021 SCC 43,

Quoted in Globe & Mail article, "Debate Grows over Mandatory Vaccines", Oct 30, 2021,

Interviewed on City TV Calgary, 'Religious Exemptions for Vaccines Mandates", Oct 13, 202,

Cited in Toronto (City) v. Ontario (Attorney General), 2021 SCC 34,

Quoted in "Bodily Autonomy and Conspiracy Theories: A look at the history of anti-vaccine beliefs", Windsor Star, Sept 3, 2021

“Fifteen years go we shrugged off anti-Muslim hate speech. Have we evolved?” The Conversation, July 22, 2021,

Quoted in National Post article about proposed federal hate speech law, June 24, 2021,

Quoted in Saskatoon Star Phoenix story about hateful comments related to Colten Boushie case, Mar 31, 2021,

Quoted in Canadian Press story on regulating speech on social media platforms, March 29, 2021

Interviewed about twitter blocking on The News Forum TV, March 9, 2021,

Quoted in National Post story on anticipated federal hate speech bill, March 4, 2021, 

Quoted in Toronto Star story about decision not to bring hate speech charges in relation to Bushie case, Feb 9, 2021,

Quoted in Toronto Star story about censorship by social media platforms, Feb. 1, 2021,

Quoted in CNN online story extremist speech in the US and the recent violence on Capitol Hill, Jan. 19, 2021,

Quoted in Canadian Press Story that appeared in multiple newspapers and news sites about whether politicians can block followers from their twitter accounts, Jan. 18, 2021,

Quoted in Global News on-line story about Donald Trump's remarks about a racist organization, Sept 30, 2020,

Quoted in CBC on-line story about the sale of Nazi memorabilia, July 24, 2020,

Op-ed in Toronto Star, “Harper’s Magazine Letter Exposes the Crisis in Our Public Discourse”, Toronto Star, July 13, 2020,

Panelist discussing academic freedom and the Kathleen Lawrey case on "Canadian Justice", The News Forum, June 25, 2020 

Quoted in CBC Online News story about a store selling Confederate flags and Nazi memorabilia, June 19, 2020


Blog Posts/ Ryerson Centre for Free Expression

“Revisiting the Maclean’s Human Rights Code Complaint”  

“Are there limits to the criticism or ridicule of religion” 

"More on compelled speech: compulsory union dues"

"State compelled expression: two recent cases" 

"Free speech on campus" 

"Two sides in the debate: racist demonstrations" 

"Can an attack on belief amount to hate speech?"

"BDS advocacy, antisemitism and free speech" 

"Donald Trump and public discourse" 

"The demise of freedom expression" 

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