Centre for Research in Reasoning, Argumentation & Rhetoric along with the PhD in Argumentation Studies at the University of Windsor invite you to a talk by
José Alhambra, CRRAR Student fellow
A Particularist Theory of Arguments by Analogy:
Abstract: In this talk I will defend what I call a 'particularist theory of arguments by analogy.' Particularism is opposed to generalism, which is the thesis that arguments by analogy require a universal principle that covers cases compared and guarantees the conclusion. Particularism rejects this claim and holds that arguments by analogy operate case-to-case. I will elaborate on two ideas that favour this position. On the one hand, I will contend that an analogy can be seen as a parallelism of argumentative relationships, drawing on the distinction between similarity and analogy (Gentner 1983; Holyoak and Thagard 1995) and on the meta-argumentative account of arguments by analogy (Woods and Hudak 1989). On the other hand, I argue that universal principles are not necessary either for the analysis or the evaluation of arguments by analogy (Govier 1989) and that, rather than being a requirement, they can be seen as a by-product of good analogies.
Friday, March 3, 2023
Chrysler Hall North, 1163